Quicklime Powder, commonly known as burnt lime, lime or calcium oxide , is a widely used chemical compound. It is a white, caustic and alkaline crystalline solid at room temperature. As a commercial product, lime often also contains magnesium oxide, silicon oxide and smaller amounts of aluminium oxide and iron oxide. In its pure form, Quicklime occurs as white crystals, white or gray lumps, or a white granular powder. It has a very high melting point of 4,662Â°F (2,572Â°C) and a boiling point of 5,162Â°F (2,850Â°C). It dissolves in and reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide and is soluble in acids and some organic solvents. Quicklime Powder is usually made by the thermal decomposition of materials such as limestone, that contain calcium carbonate (CaCO3; mineral calcite) in a lime kiln. This is accomplished by heating the material to above 825 Â°C, a process called calcination or lime-burning, to liberate a molecule of carbon dioxide (CO2); leaving CaO. This process is reversible, since once the quicklime product has cooled, it immediately begins to absorb carbon dioxide from the air, until, after enough time, it is completely converted back to calcium carbonate. When quicklime is heated to 2400 Â°C (4300 Â°F), it emits an intense glow. This form of illumination is known as a limelight and was used broadly in theatrical productions prior to the invention of electric lighting. As slaked lime, it is used in mortar and plaster. Lime is also used in glass production and its ability to react with silicates is also used in modern metal production industries (steel in particular). It is also used in water and sewage treatment to reduce acidity, to harden, as a flocculent, and to remove phosphates and other impurities; in paper making to dissolve lignin, as a coagulant, and in bleaching; in agriculture to improve acidic soils; and in pollution control, in gas scrubbers to desulfurize waste gases and to treat many liquid effluents. It has traditionally been used in the burial of bodies in open graves, to hide the smell of decomposition, as well as in forensic science, to reveal fingerprints. It is a refractory and a dehydrating agent and is used to purify citric acid, glucose, dyes and as a CO2 absorber. It is also used in pottery, paints and the food industry. Furthermore, quicklime is used in epidemics, plagues, and disasters to disintegrate bodies in order to help fight the spread of disease. CaO is a key ingredient in the nixtamalization process used to create corn hominy and masa or tortilla dough. In ancient India, before the discovery of soap, it was mixed with sand and used to clean one's body, while it was also used to build houses. It is also used in compounding as well as for filler purpose at times.